Swachh Bharat-Swachh Bangaru Telangana
Sanitation improvement faces a challenge for demand creation and people’s initiative to construct and use toilets, urban sanitation improvement is dependent to a great extent. The challenge of access to toilets arises for a variety of social and economic factors and not simply from individual behavioral resistance. Access to toilet and usage is the most important aspect of sanitation.
Besides, restoration of dignity, privacy, safety and social status, sanitation has strong bearings on child mortality, maternal health, water quality, gender equity, reduction of hunger and food security, environmental sustainability and ultimately poverty alleviation & improvement of overall quality of life. Open defecation is still in practice in many urban areas resulting in serious social, health, economic and environmental problems. Openly left human waste helps in breeding and transmission of pathogens, which carry diseases and infections.
As per the census report 2011 91.12 percent of urban HHs in Telangana have access to toilets as compared to national figure of 81.4 percent. Open Defecation in Urban Households of Telangana is 8.98 % which is lower than the national average of 12.6%.
The Govt of India has launched the flagship program Swachh Bharat Mission with the vision of ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019.
Government of has launched the Swachh Telangana Mission with a goal of achieving “Open defecation free cities” by 2019 in line with the above vision.
Elimination of open defecation is one of the key components of the Swachh Telangana Mission. In order to achieve open defecation free towns, ensuring adequacy through construction of toilets –individual, community and public toilets and effective operations and maintenance is the strategic approach which the scheme emphasizes. However, awareness and IEC are equally important components that provide the base for implementing the project.
“All cities and towns in Telangana become totally clean, sanitized, healthy, liveable, ensuring and sustaining good public health and environmental outcomes for all citizens, with a special focus on hygienic and affordable sanitation for the urban poor and women”.
• Providing sanitation and household toilet facilities with ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation systems for urban households of all statutory towns in the state
• To bring about Behavioral change by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and to eliminate open defecation among the urban households and to adopt
• Effective operation and maintenance of public & community toilets on sustainable basis
• To create an enabling environment for private sector participation for community & public toilets
• Construction of individual toilets including conversion of insanitary & pit Toilets into sanitary Toilets
• Construction of Community toilets
• Construction of public toilets in public spaces as required under PPP
• IEC & Public Awareness activities
• Capacity Building
Individual Household Toilets (IHT)
Household Toilets constructed under SBM (Urban) will have two main structures – the toilet superstructure (including the pan and water closet), and the substructure (either an on-site treatment system, or a connection to existing underground sewerage system).
Selection of Beneficiary for Individual Household Toilet
ULBs should carry out required IEC activities to create awareness on the scheme to create demand amongst citizens.
Beneficiaries will apply to their respective ULBs as per the prescribed format (annexure –II) to receive financial assistance under the programme. ULBs should verify their eligibility within 7 working days and inform the beneficiary.
The identification of beneficiaries could be on an application basis and be based on a survey/ Slum Level Federation (SLF).
Beneficiary households will be targeted under this scheme irrespective of whether they live in authorized/unauthorized colonies or notified / non-notified slums except in case of encroachment of, Tank bunds, lake beds, municipal layout open spaces, burial grounds etc.
ULBs shall carry out a house-to-house survey to identify beneficiaries ULBs may involve CBOs/ CSOs/ NGOs or other agencies engaged by the State Government.
Draft approved list of ward wise beneficiaries provided to the ward councilor and shall be put in public domain i.e, website, notice board and a copy shall be made available in public library.and any claims and objections received shall be addressed in a transparent manner and continuous modifications can made in the baseline data.
Based on the surveys and baseline data, ULBs shall approve either construction of a new individual toilet on priority basis and subsequently up gradation of insanitary to sanitary toilet shall be taken up.
In case of insanitary toilet, connection to an existing sewerage system or construction of an on-site treatment unit . In case of on-site treatment unit, recommend technically appropriate options.
Community toilet block is a shared facility provided for a group of residents or an entire settlement. Community toilet blocks are used primarily in low income informal settlements where space and/or land are constraints.
Community toilet blocks will consist of a given number of toilet seats, as per requirements, toilet superstructure including the pan and water closet, and a substructure (either an on-site treatment system, or a connection to underground sewerage/septage system) shared by all the toilet seats and facilities for hand wash.
Care should be taken to ensure that these facilities have adequate provision for separate toilets and bathing facilities for men, women and facilities for the disabled (e.g. ramp provision, braille signage, etc.) and shall typically include considerations adequate day-lighting, good natural ventilation, child-friendly and disabled-friendly provisions and good signage.
ULBs should ensure that all community toilets being constructed SBM are built in tandem with water supply arrangements. ULBs or the beneficiaries are responsible for maintenance of their respective community toilets and Onsite Sanitation System.
Selection of beneficiaries for Community Toilets
• The people living in urban slums and those who are currently practicing open defecation and having space constraints in constructing individual household Toilet shall be considered for construction for community toilets and decide the no of unit seats required for community toilets.
• Beneficiaries shall also be groups of households (“beneficiary household group”) in urban areas whose members practice open defecation and who do not have access to household toilet, and for whom the construction of individual household toilets is not feasible.
• Once a sufficient number of households are identified as a group, the ULB shall identify suitable piece of land adjoining their houses/dwelling and design the toilet block. Efforts should be made to look into all possible sources of revenue generation. Projects will be prepared and sanctioned as per the specified procedures accordingly. Mobile toilets are also admissible
• All community toilets constructed under SBM must have a minimum 5 year maintenance contract
Individual Household Toilet
• On verification by the PIU and approval of the application of the beneficiary by the ULB the sanction order will be issued to the eligible beneficiary by the ULB Commissioner.
• The eligible beneficiaries shall take up construction of the IHT by themselves or through SLF/TLF with support from ULB. In case, of SLF lead construction, the beneficiary and the SLF/TLF shall mutually agree for transfer/ pay the expenditure incurred for construction of the structure.
• All financial transfer will be deposited directly (by electronic clearing service) into the bank accounts of the beneficiary households (including accounts opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana). No cash/cheque disbursals shall take place.
• ULBs should ensure that financial incentives to beneficiary households are transferred in a timely and hassle-free manner as per the guidelines for payment.
1 To ensure speedy construction of the Community Toilet in the concerned ULB shall take up the construction of Community Toilet through registered agencies/ contractor selected through e-procurement platform as per the standard procurement procedures.
2 After selection of the agency/contractor, an agreement will be made between the ULB and the agency/contractor for construction of the Community as per the designs specified. The agreement shall contain the detailed specifications, time frame, terms of payment etc, as per the standard specified agreement documents duly following the Government norms.
Public Toilet construction will be taken up under PPP mode or through CSR/ ULB/ NGO contribution with inbuilt provision for minimum of 5 year maintenance